Canada

Description

West Coast Trail

Canada: the world's fourth largest country, after Russia, China, United States. When the water area is included, Canada is the second largest. A vast land area between 41 and 84 degrees. The southernmost tip is on the same latitude as Rome. The northernmost tip is near the North Pole. The USA are only slightly larger, but count 10 times as many inhabitants.

From east to west, the country displays a great geographical diversity. The Appalachian Mountains run through to Newfoundland on Canada's east coast. Going west, we encounter the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Lowlands. Further west lie the vast Canadian Interior Plains, hot summers, cold winters. Further west still, we hit the mountains of the Continental Divide, including the Canadian Rockies. The western coastline finally is green and sparsely populated. Most of Canada's land mass is virtually uninhabited: the Arctic part of Canada.

The hiking trails in Canada are as varied as the landscape. You have a wide choice of trails:

  1. Multi-use Trailways (eg Newfoundland T'railway). Many old railways have been turned into use as recreation trail, which is a very good thing of course. On these paths, cycling is probably more popular than walking, depending on the quality of the surface. Trailways typically are open to hiking, horse riding, cycling, cross country skiing and sometimes snowmobiling in winter;
  2. Wilderness hikes (for example the West Coast Trail, Canol Heritage Trail). These are rough trails, far from civilization, meant for experienced hikers who are prepared to dragging everything with them for an extended period;
  3. Long trails (eg the National Hiking Trail of Canada, Trans Canada Trail). These are semi-permanent projects to create a trail bigger than big. The Trans Canada Trail is a multiuse trail from the east coast to the west coast. Efforts to create a second trail, which is intended solely for walkers, presumably are not very succesful yet: the National Hiking Trail of Canada;
  4. Recreation Trails (For example the Niagara River Recreation Trail, visiting the Niagara Falls). These are easier paths, often multi-use, through nature, forest, fields and farmlands. Often they also have some historical significance. Along the way, options for sleeping often include hotels and B&B's beside campgrounds;
  5. The national and provincial parks offer a choice of shorter and longer walks. These trails are not allways known by a name. An advantage of this type of hiking are the often good camping facilities amidst beautiful scenery. The downside are the large crowds.

As mentioned before, trails are frequently multi-use. On the one hand there is a Canadian lobby to allow the widest possible public access to these public funded trails, including snowmobiling. On the other hand there is a counter lobby to exclusively designate these trails to the serious nature lover who is walking or skiing at most. To make things worse, we have to count on many ATV enthusiasts, who, with their noisy quads destroy the trails and squander nature. In short: war.

To conclude our brief introduction, let's spend some words to the famous Canadian bug. This is not one particular species of small animals, it is rather a collective noun for any annoying insect that you might encounter in nature, often in large numbers, such as black flies, mosquitoes, midges and deer flies. These hateful little creature often bite. They can be a plague, especially during the summer months, depending on weather conditions, humidity, and habitat. In spring they are not so numerous which makes for a more relaxed time on trail. But then there are obviously other pests, such as mud and snow.

From the small bite to the big bite: Canada has healthy populations of black bears, grizzly bears, polar bears and secretive but potentially dangerous cougars (puma's). Nature is wild and beautiful, especialy in Canada.

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Map

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Trails

Regions

States

Books

The Book Depository
United Kingdom
The Book Depository
United Kingdom
The Book Depository
United Kingdom
The Book Depository
United Kingdom
Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • DK Eyewitness Travel Guide Las Vegas
  • Explore this hedonistic city, from the casinos and attractions of the Las Vegas strip hotels - gondola rides at The Venetian and relaxing at Wynn Las Vegas - to the Fremont Street Experience and downtown. Seven itineraries, two guided walks and one scenic drive cover all the key areas. The DK Eyewitness Travel Guide Las Vegas showcases the... Read more
Bol.com
Netherlands
  • A Casual Traveler
  • A Casual Traveler is a collection of short travel tales and poems from the author's personal travels over a three year period. The stories take you to countries in Southeast Asia, North, Central, and South America. Motorcycle trips take you across Canada and the United States. The stories are true adventures, and misadventures, the author... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • Bol.com, Belgium
» Click to open
Bol.com
Belgium
  • A Casual Traveler
  • A Casual Traveler is a collection of short travel tales and poems from the author's personal travels over a three year period. The stories take you to countries in Southeast Asia, North, Central, and South America. Motorcycle trips take you across Canada and the United States. The stories are true adventures, and misadventures, the author... Read more
» Click to close
Bol.com
Netherlands
  • CANADA 6
  • A comprehensive travel guide to Canada, now in its sixth edition, this text also provides background information on the country's history, culture and politics. Features of the book include: a special section covering Canada's national parks and 12 World Heritage sites; 97 updated maps; Canadian French and Canadian English language sections;... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • Bol.com, Belgium
» Click to open
Bol.com
Belgium
  • CANADA 6
  • A comprehensive travel guide to Canada, now in its sixth edition, this text also provides background information on the country's history, culture and politics. Features of the book include: a special section covering Canada's national parks and 12 World Heritage sites; 97 updated maps; Canadian French and Canadian English language sections;... Read more
» Click to close
De Zwerver
Netherlands
2017
Bol.com
Netherlands
  • Water, Weather and the Mountain West
  • Growing populations, increasing industrial use and heavy agricultural demand are beginning to tax water supplies in many regions of Canada. Since many rivers are already fully allocated to numerous uses, future economic and social development will depend upon how much we know about our surface and ground water resources and how effectively we... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • Bol.com, Belgium
» Click to open
Bol.com
Belgium
  • Water, Weather and the Mountain West
  • Growing populations, increasing industrial use and heavy agricultural demand are beginning to tax water supplies in many regions of Canada. Since many rivers are already fully allocated to numerous uses, future economic and social development will depend upon how much we know about our surface and ground water resources and how effectively we... Read more
» Click to close
De Zwerver
Netherlands
2017
  • Reisgids Best of Canada | Lonely Planet
  • De nieuwste reisgidsen-serie van Lonely Planet: een luxe uitgave met als titel 'the Best of ... ' waarin aandacht voor de belangrijkste niet te missen hoogtepunten van het land. Ook hier wordt het kort en bondig geschreven met veel praktische informatie erbj als eten-drinken en vervoer. De lijst met accommodaties - zoals bij de gewone Planets -... Read more
De Zwerver
Netherlands
2018
  • Reisgids Toronto citypack | AA
  • n this new edition, the Top 25 sights and experiences are now in one section. We've selected the must-see sights for you and put them in one place - all you have to do is take your pick.If you want a bit more guidance, go to the new City Tours section, self-guided tours that bring you the best of the city. Or if you have extra time on your... Read more
Bol.com
Netherlands
  • Boston's Freedom Trail
  • A thorough yet concise walking guide to one of America’s most important historic destinationsRelive the birth of America along Boston’s historic two-and-a-half-mile Freedom Trail with this guide to twenty-six legendary landmarks?including the site of the Boston Massacre and the Bunker Hill Monument. This new edition is fully updated to include... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • Bol.com, Belgium
» Click to open
Bol.com
Belgium
  • Boston's Freedom Trail
  • A thorough yet concise walking guide to one of America’s most important historic destinationsRelive the birth of America along Boston’s historic two-and-a-half-mile Freedom Trail with this guide to twenty-six legendary landmarks?including the site of the Boston Massacre and the Bunker Hill Monument. This new edition is fully updated to include... Read more
» Click to close
De Zwerver
Netherlands
2019
Bol.com
Netherlands
  • The Cambridge Gazetteer of the USA and Canada
  • Originally published in 1995, The Cambridge Gazetteer of the United States and Canada contains more than 12,000 entries of places of all kinds. It is a detailed, alphabetically arranged enyclopedic dictionary of places. It includes coverage of all cities and towns having populations of over 25,000. But the Cambridge Gazetteer is far more than a... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • Bol.com, Belgium
» Click to open
Bol.com
Belgium
  • The Cambridge Gazetteer of the USA and Canada
  • Originally published in 1995, The Cambridge Gazetteer of the United States and Canada contains more than 12,000 entries of places of all kinds. It is a detailed, alphabetically arranged enyclopedic dictionary of places. It includes coverage of all cities and towns having populations of over 25,000. But the Cambridge Gazetteer is far more than a... Read more
» Click to close
Bol.com
Netherlands
  • 1,000 Places to See in the United States and Canada Before You Die
  • Covering the U.S.A. and Canada like never before, and for the first time with full-color photographs, here are 1,000 compelling, essential, offbeat, utterly unforgettable places. Pristine beaches and national parks, world-class museums and the Just for Laughs festival, mountain resorts, salmon-rich rivers, scenic byways, the Oyster Bar and the... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • Bol.com, Belgium
» Click to open
Bol.com
Belgium
  • 1,000 Places to See in the United States and Canada Before You Die
  • Covering the U.S.A. and Canada like never before, and for the first time with full-color photographs, here are 1,000 compelling, essential, offbeat, utterly unforgettable places. Pristine beaches and national parks, world-class museums and the Just for Laughs festival, mountain resorts, salmon-rich rivers, scenic byways, the Oyster Bar and the... Read more
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More books…

Maps

Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • Garibaldi Provincial Park ITMB
  • Garibaldi Provincial Park at 1:50,000 in a series of topographic survey maps of selected areas of British Columbia and the Canadian Rockies from ITMB with cartography from Canada’s national survey organization. Most sheets are printed on light, waterproof and tear- resistant plastic paper.Whilst the Canadian Department of Natural Resources... Read more
Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • Canada IGN Map 85101
  • Colourful IGN map of Canada at 1:4,000,000 scale with topography shown by countours, elevation colouring, and spot heights. Road network includes seasonal roads and tracks, indicating petrol stations and intermediate distances on major roads. The map also shows places of interest, forest reserves, post offices, medical facilities, selected... Read more
Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • Canadian Rockies: Waterton Lakes National Park 50K Gem Trek Map
  • Waterton Lakes National Park in British Columbia with the northern part of the Glacier National Park across the US border in Montana at 1:50,000 on a light, waterproof and tear-resistant map from Gem Trek with descriptions of recommended treks and bike trails, etc.Contours are at 25m intervals, enhanced by relief shading and colouring for... Read more
Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • Cañada de Jara CNIG Topographic Map 1077-II
  • Topographic coverage of mainland Spain at 1:25,000 published by the Centro Nacional de Información Geograficá, the country’s civilian survey organization. The maps have contours at 10m intervals and colouring and/or graphics to show different types of vegetation or land use. Boundaries of national parks and other protected areas are marked. In... Read more
Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • Canada del Gallego CNIG Topo 976-3
  • Topographic coverage of mainland Spain at 1:25,000 published by the Centro Nacional de Información Geograficá, the country’s civilian survey organization. The maps have contours at 10m intervals and colouring and/or graphics to show different types of vegetation or land use. Boundaries of national parks and other protected areas are marked. In... Read more
Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • World & Flags Hema Political Pacific-Centred
  • The world at 1:40,850,000 presented with Pacific Ocean in the centre on a double-sided folded map from the Australian publishers Hema; political version on one side and a physical map on the reverse. Each side shows the land masses against the background of light blue oceans with bathymetric tints to reflect the depth of the ocean floor. Polar... Read more
Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • Columbia Icefield Gem Trek Map
  • Columbia Icefield spanning the border between the Banff and the Jasper National Parks in the Canadian Rockies on a contoured and GPS-compatible, waterproof and tear-resistant map at 1:75,000 from Gem Trek, with extensive tourist information including recommended hikes, geology, etc. Coverage extends along both sides of the Icefields Parkway... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • De Zwerver, Netherlands
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De Zwerver
Netherlands
  • Wandelkaart 02 Columbia Icefield | Gem Trek Maps
  • This is the fourth map in Gem Trek's Kananaskis Country series, covering south Kananaskis Country from Sheep River Falls in the north to Plateau Mountain in the south. It extends coverage south where the Bragg Creek-Sheep Valley map leaves off, and east where the Kananaskis Lakes map leaves off. It covers the trails southeast of Highwood Pass... Read more
» Click to close
De Zwerver
Netherlands
  • Wandelkaart 08 Bragg Creek and Sheep Valley | Gem Trek Maps
  • This map covers the popular recreational terrain close to Calgary, from Sibbald Flats (Hwy 68) in the north, through the Elbow Valley (Hwy 66), and south to Hwy 546 in the Sheep Valley. The map extends west as far as Powderface Trail Road. Hikers and cyclists eager to hit the trails early in the season should note that many of the Elbow Valley... Read more
De Zwerver
Netherlands
Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • Lake O`Hara Gem Trek Map
  • The entire Lake O`Hara trail network with hiking trails and alpine routes, presented on a contoured and GPS-compatible map at 1:20,000 from Gem Trek, Contours are at 25m intervals and the map has a UTM grid and margin ticks at 5’. On the reverse are descriptions of all the trails shown on the map - Lake O`Hara Lakeshore, Lake Oesa, Lake... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • De Zwerver, Netherlands
» Click to open
De Zwerver
Netherlands
  • Wandelkaart 14 Lake O'Hara | Gem Trek Maps
  • The entire Lake O`Hara trail network with hiking trails and alpine routes, presented on a contoured and GPS-compatible map at 1:20,000 from Gem Trek, Contours are at 25m intervals and the map has a UTM grid and margin ticks at 5’. On the reverse are descriptions of all the trails shown on the map - Lake O`Hara Lakeshore, Lake Oesa, Lake... Read more
» Click to close
De Zwerver
Netherlands
More maps…

Walking holidays

Snp Wandelreizen
Netherlands
  • Verenigde Staten - Explore New England
  • Rondreis per huurauto door het landelijke New England, door de staten Massachusetts, Maine, Vermont en New Hampshire; geniet van de uitgebreide wandel- en fietsmogelijkheden in de White- en Green Mountains, de ruige oostkust van het Acadia National Park, de karakteristieke Berkshires en het Cape Cod National Seashore; karakteristieke dorpjes... Read more
Snp Wandelreizen
Netherlands
  • Canada - British Columbia Traverse
  • Krachtige kennismaking met de natuur van de Canadese provincie British Columbia: een 'one way' autorondreis met weinig km's van Vancouver naar Calgary, via de Nationale Parken van Pacific Rim, Garibaldi, Wells Gray, Jasper, Yoho en Banff. Een route door een zeer gevarieerd en spectaculair landschap met de ruige rotsen en stranden aan de kust,... Read more
Snp Wandelreizen
Netherlands
  • Canada - Ontario & Ottawa
  • Reis begint in Toronto, van waar je een excursie maakt naar de Niagara Falls. Aansluitend per huurauto naar de Bruce Peninsula waar je in het leuke plaatsje Tobermory verblijft en mooie wandelingen kunt maken over de kalkstenen kliffen van Georgian Bay in het Bruce Peninsula Nationale Park; via Manitoulin Island midden in Lake Huron naar het... Read more
Snp Wandelreizen
Netherlands
  • Canada - Quebec Camping Kids
  • Vanuit compleet ingerichte familietenten, gelegen op de meest mooie plekjes in de natuurparken, ontdek je een wild en verrassend Quebec. Als een 'trapper' zwerven door donkere wouden op zoek naar beren, elanden en kariboes. Bewonder de bouwwerken van een bever, de 'ingenieur' van het noorden. Luister naar het wonderlijke geluid van de beluga,... Read more
Snp Wandelreizen
Netherlands
  • Canada - Hiking Nova Scotia
  • Rondreis per huurauto en wandelvakantie op het compacte schiereiland Nova Scotia in Oost-Canada. Geniet van de 'Rocky Shores' met haar kleurrijke vissersdorpjes en vuurtorens. Wandel over drooggevallen stranden iin de Bay of Fundy met de grootste getijdeverschillen ter wereld. Huur een kano of fiets en zie schildpadden en stekelvarkens in de... Read more
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